Vaginas, etc.

It is important to realize that all bodies will be different in size, shape, and composition. Not all bodies with breasts will have vulvas, vaginas, etc.

It is important to realize that all bodies will be different in size, shape, and composition. Not all bodies with breasts will have vulvas, vaginas, etc.

All about the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries

This reproductive/sexual system is made up of the organs that allow a person to:

  • have and enjoy sexual intercourse
  • produce eggs (ova)
  • be pregnant
  • give birth

Breasts are also often considered part of the reproductive system.

Pictures and details

 

An internal view of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and vagina. Illustration by Holly Milligan.

An internal view of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and vagina. Illustration by Holly Milligan.

Inside parts:

Outside parts:

Internal  sexual organs

Female body parts: ovaries

Ovaries

  • Located on each side of the uterus
  • About the size and shape of almonds
  • At birth the ovaries contain 2 – 4 million immature eggs (called ova)
  • The ovaries release one egg during each menstrual cycle this is called ovulation
  • Ovulation occurs about once a month, starting at puberty and ending at menopause

Fallopian tubes

Fallopian Tubes

  • Two tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus (one on each side)
  • About 10cm (4 inches) in length and narrower than a piece of spaghetti
  • Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes when a sperm meets an egg

Female body parts: uterus

Uterus

  • Hollow, muscular organ about the size of a fist where a fertilized egg develops until birth
  • Located low in the abdomen, behind the bladder and in front of the bowel
  • Enlarges during pregnancy, to accommodate a growing fetus
  • Also called the womb

Female body internal part: cervix

Cervix

  • Lower part of, or opening to, the uterus
  • Acts to keep things out of the uterus while allowing sperm to get in
  • Cervical mucous is found here and is thinner around the time of ovulation to allow sperm to get in
  • When it’s time for birth, the cervix opens to allow the baby to move into the vagina

Female inside body part: vagina

Vagina

  • A muscular tube connecting the cervix to the outside of the body
  • The penis may enter the vagina during sexual intercourse
  • Passes the menstrual flow during a  period or menstruation
  • When relaxed, the vagina is about 8 – 10cm (3 – 4 inches) long and the walls fold in and touch each other
  • During the arousal process the vagina gets larger and lubricates (gets wetter)
  • The hymen or corona is a thin layer of tissue which may partially cover the vagina

External  sexual anatomy

Breasts

  • Start to develop during puberty; breast development can continue until a person is in their 20s.
  • Nipple contains erectile tissue which often becomes erect during sexual arousal
  • Surrounding the nipple is the areola which varies in size and colour
  • Breast size and shape varies from one person to the next and is determined by age,  genes, weight, etc.

Vulva

  • Includes all the outer genitals
  • You can see the vulva by holding a mirror between your legs

Mons pubis

  • The only part that is visible from the front of the body
  • The pad of skin that covers the pubic bone
  • Area will often be partially covered by pubic hair

Labia majora

  • Literally meaning “larger lips”
  • Form the outer part of the vulva
  • Are sensitive to touch and help in lubrication

Clitoris

  • Most sensitive part of the vulva
  • Same components as the penis
  • Only function is to provide sexual pleasure
  • About 2 – 4cm (3/4 – 1 1/2 inches) long although the visible part is only about 1cm long
  • During sexual arousal, the tissue becomes filled with blood and becomes erect

Labia minora

  • Thinner and more delicate than the labia majora
  • The labia minora and majora differ in size and shape for every body.
  • Also helps to lubricate and is sensitive to touch