Trichomoniasis or “Trich” is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.
How does trichomoniasis spread?
- Trichomoniasis is transmitted through unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner
- After getting trich once, you do not become “immune” to it—you can be re-infected anytime
How can I reduce the risk of trichomoniasis?
- Use condoms to reduce the risk of trichomoniasis during vaginal and anal sex.
- Use condoms or dams to prevent transmission during oral sex.
- Any genital symptom such as discharge, burning during urination or an unusual sore should be a signal to stop having sex and consult a health care provider.
- Make an appointment to get tested for trichomoniasis.
What are the symptoms of trichomoniasis?
Many people have no symptoms with a trichomoniasis infection, especially men.
- Some men may have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge or slight burning with urination or ejaculation. These symptoms may disappear within a few weeks without treatment, however the man is still infected and can continue to infect others.
- Women may have abnormal vaginal discharge with a foul odour, genital itching and irritation, and discomfort during intercourse and urination.
How do I get tested for Trichomoniasis?
- Through a vaginal swab which is sent to the lab for testing
How is Trichomoniasis treated?
- Trich is easily treated and cured with a dose of antibiotic.
- All recent sex partners (previous 60 days) need to be treated.
You need to abstain from having sex until 1 week after you and your partner have taken the antibiotic—if not, you can easily become re-infected.
What are the risks of untreated trichomoniasis?
- Rarely trich can cause pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Genital inflammation caused by trich can increase a person’s risk for other STIs including HIV.
- A pregnant person may give birth prematurely or the baby may be born at a low birth weight.